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Anemone Quinquefolia


The springtime forest comes alive with the woodland flowers blooming before the leaf canopy darkens the forest floor. Many of these early blooming flowers provide the essential resources needed for emerging bees and flies. Wood Anemone (Anemone quinquefolia) and Rue Anemone (Thalictrum thalictroides) are two flowers often mistaken for one another and they both share the common name anemone a Greek word that means, breathe or live.

Wood Anemone (Anemone quinquefolia) is a native woodland ephemeral that blooms in early spring before the leaf canopy shades the forest floor. They have white flowers held aloft on slender stalks that tremble in the breeze earning them the name Wind Flowers. The leaves are compound and have three deeply lobed leaflets that are course toothed. Due to the deep lobes the leaf appear to have four or five leaflets. It has long been believed that wood anemone does not produce nectar however, it was 2013 study* recently discovered that Anemone nemerosa from Europe does produce nectar that attract bee flies. It can be assumed that Anemone quinquefolia also produces nectar that attracts bee flies since it is closely related to their European counterpart, Anemone nemerosa. The flowers also attracts bees such as mining bees and sweat bees as observed in Stewart State Forest near Newburgh, NY.

Similar species: Can be distinguished from the very common Anemone canadensis by examining the stem leaves of both plants. The stem leaves of Anemone quinquefolia have petioles, while the stem leaves of A. canadensis are sessile.

Wood Anemone (Anemone quinquefolia) is a Smoky Mountains wildflower that is fairly common in moist woodlands, blooming in early April. The photos above and below were taken in the White Oak Sinks area of the Smokies. This species puts out a single blossom, which is often tinged with pink as above. The flower has little nectar to attract pollinators, but lots of pollen. At night or on rainy days you may find the blossom closed to protect the interior reproductive system.

Wood anemones often grow in colonies, appearing as thick mats, due to their growth habitat of spreading via rhizomes. They are most often found in forests with rich, moist soil. Wood anemones belong to a group of wildflowers called spring ephemerals. The name refers to the short-term nature of these spring blooming plants. This spring ephemeral strategy is adopted by many woodland plants that take advantage of the additional sunlight by blooming before the trees have leafed out. Other species, which can tolerate partial or complete shade, tend to flower later. By mid-summer, wood anemones die back down to their root-like rhizomes, with little to no aerial parts remaining.

Identification: Wood anemone, which spreads quicklyvia its root system, is often found covering large areas of woodland floors. It reaches heightsof 1-12" (5-30 cm) in the spring, and dies back to its root system later in the season.Leaves are in groups of five or sometimes three, arranged evenly around the stem. Eachleaf is about twice as long as it is wide, up to 2" (5 cm) long. Flowers are white or tingedwith purple,often nodding, up to " (1.9 cm) across, with five petals (actually

Anemone quinquefolia is een vroeg in het voorjaar bloeiende plant. De soort komt van nature voor in Noord-Amerika. De Engelse naam daar is Wood Anemone, wat letterlijk vertaald kan worden als bosanemoon. Het is echter een andere soort dan de van de van nature in Europa voorkomende bosanemoon (Anemone nemorosa).

... A. altaica A. apennina (Blauwe anemoon) A. blanda (Oosterse anemoon) A. canadensis A. coronaria A. hupehensis A. narcissiflora A. nemorosa (Bosanemoon) A. quinquefolia A. ranunculoides (Gele anemoon) A. sylvestris A. trifolia ... 59ce067264


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