Dr Br Ambedkar Biography In Telugu.pdf
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Dr Br Ambedkar Biography In Telugu: A Life of Struggle and Inspiration
Dr Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, also known as Babasaheb Ambedkar, was one of the most prominent leaders of modern India. He was a jurist, economist, politician, social reformer and the chief architect of the Indian Constitution. He fought against caste discrimination, untouchability and social injustice throughout his life. He also embraced Buddhism and inspired millions of Dalits to convert to the egalitarian religion. He was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour, in 1990.
In this article, we will explore the life and achievements of Dr Br Ambedkar in Telugu language. We will also provide a link to download his writings and speeches in Telugu PDF format.
Early Life and Education
Dr Br Ambedkar was born on 14 April 1891 in Mhow, a military cantonment in Central Provinces (now Madhya Pradesh). His father Ramji Maloji Sakpal was a subedar in the British Indian Army. His mother Bhimabai died when he was five years old. He belonged to the Mahar caste, which was considered as untouchable by the upper castes. He faced humiliation and discrimination from his childhood due to his caste identity. He had to sit on a gunny sack in school and was not allowed to drink water from the same vessel as other students. He had to endure many hardships to pursue his education.
He completed his primary education in Satara and then moved to Bombay (now Mumbai) for higher studies. He passed his matriculation exam in 1907 and joined Elphinstone College. He was one of the first untouchables to enter a college in India. He obtained his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1912 and then went to Columbia University in New York on a scholarship. He earned his Master of Arts and PhD degrees from Columbia University in 1915 and 1917 respectively. He also studied at the London School of Economics and obtained his MSc and DSc degrees in economics. He also became a barrister-at-law from Gray's Inn in London. He was well-versed in many languages, including Sanskrit, Pali, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, English, French and German.
Social and Political Activism
Dr Br Ambedkar returned to India in 1923 and started his career as a lawyer and a professor. He also became involved in social and political movements for the upliftment of the Dalits and other oppressed sections of society. He founded several organisations, such as the Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha, the Independent Labour Party, the Scheduled Castes Federation and the Republican Party of India. He also launched several newspapers and journals, such as Mooknayak, Bahishkrit Bharat, Janata and Prabuddha Bharat.
He challenged the caste system and untouchability through various campaigns and protests. He led the Mahad Satyagraha in 1927 to assert the right of Dalits to drink water from a public tank. He also organised the Kalaram Temple entry movement in 1930 to demand equal access to Hindu temples for Dalits. He burned the Manusmriti, an ancient Hindu law book that sanctioned caste discrimination, in 1927 as a symbol of revolt against Brahminical supremacy.
He participated in the Round Table Conferences in London in 1930-32 to represent the interests of the Dalits in the constitutional reforms. He demanded separate electorates and reservations for Dalits in legislative bodies. He clashed with Mahatma Gandhi over this issue, as Gandhi opposed any division of Hindus on caste lines. Gandhi went on a fast unto death in 1932 to protest against Ambedkar's demand. Ambedkar eventually agreed to sign the Poona Pact with Gandhi, which gave up separate electorates but secured reserved seats for Dalits.
He was elected to the Bombay Legislative Assembly in 1937 and became the leader of the opposition. He also served as the Labour Member of the Viceroy's Executive Counc